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Travel Guide 2   >   Bermuda   >   History

   
 

Bermudan History


The first appearance of Bermuda in the historical record is in 1511, when Peter Martyr d'Anghiera mentions the islands in his book, Legatio Babylonica. It is likely that the islands were discovered a few years earlier at the very beginning of the 16th century, but the exact date is unknown. Later in the century, both Spanish and Portuguese ships are believed to have regularly stopped at the islands to replenish their supplies of food and water, and there was even an attempt to establish a breeding stock of hogs on the islands. A Portuguese ship is also believed to have become stuck in the islands' reefs, and the sailors had to build a new hull of Bermudan cedar before leaving the islands - leaving the initials "RP 1543" carved on what subsequently became known as "Spanish Rock".

The first permanent colonization of Bermuda took place in 1609, when the English ship, Sea Venture, was wrecked off the coast of the islands. The islands were claimed for the English crown, and initially associated with Virginia, an association which is till recorded today in many place names in Virginia.

In the next centuries, despite attempts to agriculture (principally tobacco) in Bermuda, the islands. Sailors from Bermuda were active in whaling, privateering, and even the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), as well as the salt trade. After the American Revolution (1775 to 1783), also became the Royal Navy's main base in the western hemisphere, and gained the nickname "Gibraltar of the West".

In the 20th century, Bermudans served with British forces during both World Wars, and their sacrifices are remembered by the Cenotaph memorial in front of the Cabinet Building in Hamilton. The Royal Navy base on the island was closed in the 1950s, except for a small supply base which lasted until 1995. Thus, today, the Royal Naval Dockyard is now simply a tourist attraction - in fact one of the most popular tourist attractions in Bermuda, incorporating shops, restaurants, an arts center, and crafts market, as well as the Bermuda Maritime Museum.

Today, Bermuda is highly prosperous with an economy based on financial services and tourism. The islands' Progresive Labour Party supports independence from UK, but Bermudan voters rejected independence in a referendum on the issue in in 1995, and polls indicate that opinion is largely unchanged since that time. As a result, Bermuda remains a British Overseas Territory, albeit with a very high degree of local autonomy (the UK retains responsibility only for defense, and foreign affairs, as well as ultimately ensuring good governance).

Here are some books about the history of Bermuda:


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Books about Bermudan History


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In the Eye of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, and the Maritime Atlantic World, 1680-1783 (Published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American ... and the University of North Carolina Press)

By Michael J. Jarvis

Omohundro Institute and University of North Carolina Press
Released: June 1st, 2012
Paperback (704 pages)

In the Eye of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, and the Maritime Atlantic World, 1680-1783 (Published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American ... and the University of North Carolina Press)
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Description:
In the Eye of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, and the Maritime Atlantic World, 1680-1783 (Published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American ... and the University of North Carolina Press)
  • Manufacturer: University of North Carolina Press
  • Brand: Omohundro Institute and University of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807872849
  • EAN: 9780807872840
  • PartNumber: black & white illustrations
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: Illustrated
  • Number of Pages: 704
  • Author: Michael J. Jarvis
  • Publication Date: June 1st, 2012
  • Release Date: June 1st, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.25 Inches by 6.13 Inches by 1.76 Inches
  • Weight: 2.25 Pounds
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Bermuda Settlers of the 17th Century. Genealogical Notes from Bermuda

By Julia E. Mercer

Genealogical Publishing Company
Released: October 15th, 2012
Paperback (282 pages)

Bermuda Settlers of the 17th Century. Genealogical Notes from Bermuda
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Description:
Bermuda Settlers of the 17th Century. Genealogical Notes from Bermuda
  • Manufacturer: Genealogical Publishing Company
  • Brand: Genealogical Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 0806309873
  • EAN: 9780806309873
  • PartNumber: 19927708
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 282
  • Author: Julia E. Mercer
  • Publication Date: October 15th, 2012
  • Release Date: October 15th, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.5 Inches by 5.5 Inches by 0.59 Inches
  • Weight: 0.7275254646 Pounds
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A Tale of Two Colonies: What Really Happened in Virginia and Bermuda?

By Virginia Bernhard

University of Missouri
Released: January 29th, 2018
Paperback (232 pages)

A Tale of Two Colonies: What Really Happened in Virginia and Bermuda?
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Description:
A Tale of Two Colonies: What Really Happened in Virginia and Bermuda?
  • Manufacturer: University of Missouri
  • Brand: University of Missouri
  • ISBN: 0826221459
  • EAN: 9780826221452
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: First
  • Number of Pages: 232
  • Author: Virginia Bernhard
  • Publication Date: January 29th, 2018
  • Release Date: January 29th, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 0.8 Inches
  • Weight: 0.75 Pounds
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Discovering Somers Isles: A Guide to Bermuda's History 1500-1615

By John M Archer

Maury Books
Released: April 10th, 2016
Paperback (122 pages)

Discovering Somers Isles: A Guide to Bermuda s History 1500-1615
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Discovering Somers Isles: A Guide to Bermuda's History 1500-1615
  • Manufacturer: Maury Books
  • Brand: Maury Books
  • ISBN: 0996345558
  • EAN: 9780996345552
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 122
  • Author: John M Archer
  • Publication Date: April 10th, 2016
  • Release Date: April 10th, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 0.28 Inches
  • Weight: 0.39 Pounds
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The History Of The Bermudas Or Summer Islands

Kessinger Publishing, LLC
Released: September 10th, 2010
Paperback (356 pages)

The History Of The Bermudas Or Summer Islands
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The History Of The Bermudas Or Summer Islands
  • Manufacturer: Kessinger Publishing, LLC
  • ISBN: 1163287458
  • EAN: 9781163287453
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 356
  • Publication Date: September 10th, 2010
  • Release Date: September 10th, 2010
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.01573 Inches by 5.98424 Inches by 0.7393686 Inches
  • Weight: 1.05 Pounds
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Frommer's Bermuda (Complete Guides)

By David LaHuta

FrommerMedia
Released: May 21st, 2019
Paperback (256 pages)

Frommer s Bermuda (Complete Guides)
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Description:
Frommer's Bermuda (Complete Guides)
  • Manufacturer: FrommerMedia
  • Brand: FrommerMedia
  • ISBN: 1628874384
  • EAN: 9781628874389
  • PartNumber: 16 pages of color photos,charts througho
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 18
  • Number of Pages: 256
  • Author: David LaHuta
  • Publication Date: May 21st, 2019
  • Release Date: May 21st, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 0.75 Inches
  • Weight: 0.55 Pounds
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Slaves and Slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782

By Virginia Bernhard

University of Missouri
Released: July 30th, 2016
Paperback (336 pages)

Slaves and Slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782
List Price: $24.95*
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Description:
Slaves and Slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782
  • Manufacturer: University of Missouri
  • ISBNs: 0826220975, 9780826220974
  • EAN: 9780826220974
  • PartNumber: unknown
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: First
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Author: Virginia Bernhard
  • Publication Date: July 30th, 2016
  • Release Date: July 30th, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.2499815 Inches by 6.1247909 Inches by 0.999998 Inches
  • Weight: 1.1 Pounds
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